The fabled Amber Room was a room that was made entirely of amber; a masterpiece of Baroque art. It was covered about 180 square feet and glowed with six tons of amber and other semi-precious stones. The amber panels were backed with gold leaf, and historians estimate that, at the time, the room was worth $142 million in today's dollars. Over time, the Amber Room was used as a private meditation chamber for Czarina Elizabeth, a gathering room for Catherine the Great and a trophy space for amber connoisseur Alexander II. It was an extravagant gift given to Czar Peter the Great of Russia in 1716 by Frederick Wilhelm I, King of Prussia. Czar Peter of Russia was taken with its opulence and it forged a lavish gesture of friendship between Russia and Germany until the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. After remaining in the possession of Russia until 1941, the Amber Room mysteriously disappeared. What happened to it is not fully known. The amber panels were removed from the room and stored in Novosibirsk. Later, the room was crated up and transported to Kaliningrad. The amber panels were again moved in 1945 at the end of World War II and the room's trail was lost. Since then the panels have been restored.
The recreation of this stonecutting masterpiece can be readily recognized as an outstanding event in the history of restoration. As far as possibility and the need to restore the “Eighth Wonder of the World” are concerned, discussions began in the seventies. This daily patient work paid off and it lasted 24 years. The result was the resurrection of a symbol to the people of one of the most legendary monuments in the world of art.
The reborn interior in Tsarskoye Selo is unarguably a product of the twentieth century as well as the eighteenth, demonstrating the mutual links and continuity between the cultures of various eras and nations. Visitors to the Amber Room can enjoy the captivating play of color in this unique interior and admire the selfless labor of the people who worked to recreate this masterpiece.